August 9, 1995: Netscape Communications, the company behind the Macintosh’s then-web browser Netscape Navigator, floats on the stock market.
While not totally an Apple-centric moment, this was big news for Mac fans in 1995 — and the experience of using Netscape Navigator to surf the internet on a Macintosh is something many older Apple users will still remember fondly.
Netscape first launched its flagship Navigator software in October 1994. A bit like Mac vs. Windows, Netscape Navigator hit a snag when Microsoft came in with a rival product shortly after it debuted — in this case, the arrival of Internet Explorer just weeks after Netscape’s public offering.
An August 1997 deal between Apple and Microsoft hit Netscape hard when — in return for Microsoft investing $150 million in Apple in the form of non-voting stock — Apple agreed to install Internet Explorer as the Mac’s default web browser in place of Navigator.
That deal stood until the 2000s, when Apple debuted its Safari web browser, and Microsoft stopped developing Internet Explorer for Mac.
There was one other profound way in which Netscape’s August 1995 IPO affected Apple’s big players. When Netscape Communications went public with a valuation of $2.9 billion, it persuaded investment banks that underwriting other tech companies which existed on promise but no immediately obvious way of making money was a good idea. (Whether it turned out to be, given the subsequent dot-com crash, is up for debate.)
Nonetheless, as noted in the book Becoming Steve Jobs, one of the companies which benefited in the immediate aftermath was Pixar, then still in the process of producing its first feature-length movie, Toy Story.
Based on the success of Netscape’s IPO, San Francisco investment bank Robertson Stephens agreed to underwrite an IPO for Pixar, which it filed with the SEC a few months later in October. The eventual November 29, 1995 public offering made Steve Jobs (who, at one point in the 1990s, was hemorrhaging money) a billionaire. It was the start of a prolonged “hot streak” that made up the big third act comeback of Jobs’ career.
Do you remember using Netscape Navigator back in the 1990s? Leave your early memories of surfing the internet on your Mac (or other computer) below.