How do you follow a project like the Macintosh? A high-flying Apple spinoff called General Magic tried to answer that question in the early 1990s.
After revolutionizing the personal computer, a team of ambitious ex-Apple engineers set out to build a connected touchscreen mobile device that prefigured the iPhone by 25 years. Their startup, General Magic, became one of the hottest ventures in Silicon Valley — before it all came crashing down.
“That period is one of the most important in computing history,” Sarah Kerruish, co-director of new documentary General Magic, told Cult of Mac. “It’s when handhelds were first realized, and when we saw the first early stages of the internet. General Magic combines these profoundly important threads in technology.”
Kerruish says reading Walter Isaacson’s Steve Jobs biography convinced her that this was a story worth telling. She became interested in making a film about the pursuit of innovation, about failure, and about one of Silicon Valley’s great untold stories.
The resulting documentary tells the story of how General Magic helped invent the technology of the future. Even if it never got to directly reap the rewards.
General Magic and the difficult second album
People in the music industry talk about the “difficult second album.” The idea is that, once you’ve made a splash with your first LP, it’s virtually impossible to top it. But the problem’s not confined to the music industry.
The same is true for those working in tech. If you play a part in revolutionizing technology when you’re in your 20s, as so many members of the Mac team did, what do you tackle for your next project?
In the late 1980s and early 1990s, that dilemma played out with various different people and products.
For instance, Steve Jobs threw himself into NeXT and Pixar after leaving Apple. He experienced plenty of failure with both, before finally pulling a rabbit from his hat and becoming, well, Steve Jobs.
For Apple, the effort to top the Macintosh resulted in the Newton MessagePad: a device full of promise that never quite caught fire.
General Magic: A tech shooting star
Then there was General Magic.
Staffed by former Mac engineers including Andy Hertzfeld, Joanna Hoffman and Bill Atkinson — as well as future superstars like “father of the iPod” Tony Fadell and Android’s Andy Rubin — the Apple spinoff attempted to build a handheld device that served as the precursor to today’s smartphone.
For a short time, the company soared as one of tech’s hottest startups. A huge 1995 IPO raked in cash. But then the company went belly-up in the tech crash at the tail end of the 1990s.
Although some of its technology was used in products like Sony’s Magic Link PDA, General Magic never released the world-changing handheld device it hoped to. Instead, team members took ideas developed there and moved on to a plethora of revolutionary companies in the 21st century.
A quarter century after the company’s founding, General Magic delves into the surprising details of the company’s rise, fall and legacy. The documentary recently debuted to strong reviews at the Tribeca Film Festival.
Inside General Magic
Kerruish actually worked at the company during those crazy days, as Silicon Valley searched for the next big thing.
“I was lucky enough to have been a General Magician,” she said. “I worked at the company in 1993 as part of a team that was brought in to film this extraordinary, top-secret venture. It was my first exposure to Silicon Valley and it was absolutely amazing.”
Although Steve Jobs was never part of General Magic, the documentary’s other co-director, Matthew Maude, said the Apple co-founder he was absolutely part of the story.
“We refer to Steve Jobs in the film as a sort of ghost at General Magic,” he says. “He never worked there, but his ghost [could be felt] through the corridors. Both Andy Hertzfeld and Bill Atkinson were rock stars of technology at the time; they had worked with Jobs on the Macintosh, and a lot of that spirit was something they wanted to replicate at General Magic. It was a small group of young people, who were working and living together to create this amazing team. It was like a second Macintosh they were trying to build.”
And they almost managed it.
General Magic documentary: A film about perseverance and failure
“This isn’t a film about failure,” says Maude. “It’s a film about perseverance. General Magic is an incredible way of being able to tell that story by following some real people who went through real hardships. It’s an emotional documentary that’s about technology, rather than a technology film that’s just about the tech.”
If you’re interested in the rise and fall of a tech giant that never was, this promises to be essential viewing. General Magic will screen at more film festivals this year, hopefully leading to a wider release.